Data_Sheet_1_Significant Impacts of Both Total Amount and Availability of Heavy Metals on the Functions and Assembly of Soil Microbial Communities in .docx (336.14 kB)

Data_Sheet_1_Significant Impacts of Both Total Amount and Availability of Heavy Metals on the Functions and Assembly of Soil Microbial Communities in Different Land Use Patterns.docx

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posted on 04.10.2019, 13:10 by Zhen Zhen, Sibo Wang, Shuwen Luo, Lei Ren, Yanqiu Liang, Rongchao Yang, Yongtao Li, Yueqin Zhang, Songqiang Deng, Lina Zou, Zhong Lin, Dayi Zhang

Land use change alters the accumulation of heavy metals (HMs) in soils and might have significant influence on the assembly and functions of soil microbial community. Although numerous studies have discussed the impacts of either total amounts or availability of metals on soil microbes in land change, there is still limited understanding on which one is more critical. In the present study, soils from three land use types (forest, mining field, and operating factory) located in Shaoguan city (Guangdong Province, China) were collected to investigate the impacts of soil HMs on soil enzyme activities and bacterial community structures. Mining activities remarkably increased the concentrations of HMs in soils, and land use patterns changed soil properties and nutrition level. Soil pH, total and available HMs (Cu, Pb, Zn, and Cd) and organic matters (SOM) were identified as the key influential factors shaping soil ecological functions (soil enzyme activities) and community assembly (bacterial community composition), explained by HMs accumulation and soil acidification caused by human activities. In addition, total amount and availability of some metals (Zn, Pb, Cu, and Cd) showed similar and significant effects on soil bacterial communities. Our findings provide new clues for reassessing the environmental risks of HMs in soils with different land use.

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