Data_Sheet_1_SOX1 Promoter Hypermethylation as a Potential Biomarker for High-Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Neoplasia Lesion and Cervical Carcinoma: A Meta-Analysis With Trial Sequential Analysis.docx
Background: DNA methylation has been widely assessed as a potential biomarker for the early detection of cervical cancer (CC). Herein, we assessed the associations of SOX1 promoter hypermethylation with squamous intraepithelial lesion and CC.
Methods: Published studies and genome-wide methylation datasets were searched from electronic databases (up to April 2019). The associations of SOX1 hypermethylation with high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) and CC risks were evaluated by odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). The summary receiver operator characteristic test was used to assess the diagnostic value of the SOX1 promoter hypermethylation of CC and intraepithelial neoplasia type III or worse (CIN3+). Trial sequential analysis (TSA) was performed to evaluate the stability of results and estimate the required information size (RIS).
Results: In this meta-analysis of 17 published studies, the SOX1 methylation rates increased among low-grade SIL (LSIL, 27.27%), HSIL (40.75%), and CC (84.56%) specimens. Compared with control specimens, SOX1 promoter hypermethylation progressively increased the risk of HSIL by 4.20-fold (p < 0.001) and CC by 41.26-fold (p < 0.001). The pooled sensitivity of SOX1 methylation was estimated to be 0.85 (95% CI: 0.81–0.88) in differentiating patients with CC, corresponding to a specificity of 0.72 (95% CI: 0.69–0.75) and an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.93. Furthermore, the pooled sensitivity of SOX1 methylation was estimated to be 0.75 (95% CI: 0.72–0.78) in differentiating patients with CIN3+, corresponding to a specificity of 0.71 (95% CI: 0.69–0.73) and an AUC of 0.84. The pooled results of TCGA and GEO datasets showed that all CpG sites in SOX1 were associated with CC and 16 of 19 CpG sites were associated with HSIL. The results of TSA illustrated that the size was sufficient and significant associations were observed.
Conclusion: This meta-analysis indicated that SOX1 promoter hypermethylation might have a potential value in the clinical diagnosis of CC and CIN3+.
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- Gene and Molecular Therapy
- Genetically Modified Animals
- Developmental Genetics (incl. Sex Determination)
- Epigenetics (incl. Genome Methylation and Epigenomics)
- Gene Expression (incl. Microarray and other genome-wide approaches)
- Livestock Cloning
- Genome Structure and Regulation
- Genetic Engineering