Data_Sheet_1_Reanalysis on Phylogeographic Pattern of Sharpbelly Hemiculter leucisculus (Cyprinidae: Cultrinae) in China: A Review and the Implications for Conservation.XLSX
Hemiculter leucisclus, as a widely distributed freshwater fish in China, provides an interesting model to explore the impact of drainage evolution and geologic history in the Pleistocene on diversification patterns. We collected the mitochondrial cytochrome b (cytb) gene and the recombination activating gene 2 (RAG2) from 1,070 individuals from 59 sampling locations. Phylogenetic and population genetic approaches were used to describe the phylogeographic pattern and to test how the geological and climatic factors on diversification. The results suggested that there existed four sublineages of the H. leucisclus across six river systems, among which two sublineages, showing strongly indigenous characteristics, are constrained to particular geographical regions in China. The molecular data and ancestral states demonstrated that the H. leucisclus possibly originated from the Pearl River basin during the later Pliocene. The phylogeographic pattern in H. leucisclus appears to have been driven by palaeoenvironmental perturbations rather than anthropogenic translocations. The geographically constrained sublineages A in the middle and lower Pearl River basin and sublineage B in the upper Yangtze River basin deserves special protection.