Data_Sheet_1_Real-Time Parallel Artificial Membrane Permeability Assay Based on Supramolecular Fluorescent Artificial Receptors.PDF (866.43 kB)

Data_Sheet_1_Real-Time Parallel Artificial Membrane Permeability Assay Based on Supramolecular Fluorescent Artificial Receptors.PDF

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posted on 03.11.2020, 04:34 by Suhang He, Anxhela Zhiti, Andrea Barba-Bon, Andreas Hennig, Werner M. Nau

Parallel artificial membrane permeability assay (PAMPA) is a screening tool for the evaluation of drug permeability across various biological membrane systems in a microplate format. In PAMPA, a drug candidate is allowed to pass through the lipid layer of a particular well during an incubation period of, typically, 10–16 h. In a second step, the samples of each well are transferred to a UV-Vis–compatible microplate and optically measured (applicable only to analytes with sufficient absorbance) or sampled by mass-spectrometric analysis. The required incubation period, sample transfer, and detection methods jointly limit the scalability of PAMPA to high-throughput screening format. We introduce a modification of the PAMPA method that allows direct fluorescence detection, without sample transfer, in real time (RT-PAMPA). The method employs the use of a fluorescent artificial receptor (FAR), composed of a macrocycle in combination with an encapsulated fluorescent dye, administered in the acceptor chamber of conventional PAMPA microplates. Because the detection principle relies on the molecular recognition of an analyte by the receptor and the associated fluorescence response, concentration changes of any analyte that binds to the receptor can be monitored (molecules with aromatic residues in the present example), regardless of the spectroscopic properties of the analyte itself. Moreover, because the fluorescence of the (upper) acceptor well can be read out directly by fluorescence in a microplate reader, the permeation of the drug through the planar lipid layer can be monitored in real time. Compared with the traditional assay, RT-PAMPA allows not only quantification of the permeability characteristics but also rapid differentiation between fast and slow diffusion events.

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