Data_Sheet_1_RNA Binding Proteins and Gene Expression Regulation in Trypanosoma cruzi.DOCX (770.21 kB)
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Data_Sheet_1_RNA Binding Proteins and Gene Expression Regulation in Trypanosoma cruzi.DOCX

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posted on 20.02.2020, 04:38 by Bruno A. A. Romagnoli, Fabiola B. Holetz, Lysangela R. Alves, Samuel Goldenberg

The regulation of gene expression in trypanosomatids occurs mainly at the post-transcriptional level. In the case of Trypanosoma cruzi, the characterization of messenger ribonucleoprotein (mRNP) particles has allowed the identification of several classes of RNA binding proteins (RBPs), as well as non-canonical RBPs, associated with mRNA molecules. The protein composition of the mRNPs as well as the localization and functionality of the mRNAs depend on their associated proteins. mRNPs can also be organized into larger complexes forming RNA granules, which function as stress granules or P-bodies depending on the associated proteins. The fate of mRNAs in the cell, and consequently the genes expressed, depends on the set of proteins associated with the messenger molecule. These proteins allow the coordinated expression of mRNAs encoding proteins that are related in function, resulting in the formation of post-transcriptional operons. However, the puzzle posed by the combinatorial association of sets of RBPs with mRNAs and how this relates to the expressed genes remain to be elucidated. One important tool in this endeavor is the use of the CRISPR/CAS system to delete genes encoding RBPs, allowing the evaluation of their effect on the formation of mRNP complexes and associated mRNAs in the different compartments of the translation machinery. Accordingly, we recently established this methodology for T. cruzi and deleted the genes encoding RBPs containing zinc finger domains. In this manuscript, we will discuss the data obtained and the potential of the CRISPR/CAS methodology to unveil the role of RBPs in T. cruzi gene expression regulation.