Data_Sheet_1_Quantitative Proteome Profiling of a S-Nitrosoglutathione Reductase (GSNOR) Null Mutant Reveals a New Class of Enzymes Involved in Nitric.XLSX (1.38 MB)
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Data_Sheet_1_Quantitative Proteome Profiling of a S-Nitrosoglutathione Reductase (GSNOR) Null Mutant Reveals a New Class of Enzymes Involved in Nitric Oxide Homeostasis in Plants.XLSX

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posted on 09.12.2021, 04:34 by Patrick Treffon, Jacopo Rossi, Giuseppe Gabellini, Paolo Trost, Mirko Zaffagnini, Elizabeth Vierling

Nitric oxide (NO) is a short-lived radical gas that acts as a signaling molecule in all higher organisms, and that is involved in multiple plant processes, including germination, root growth, and fertility. Regulation of NO-levels is predominantly achieved by reaction of oxidation products of NO with glutathione to form S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO), the principal bioactive form of NO. The enzyme S-nitrosoglutathione reductase (GSNOR) is a major route of NADH-dependent GSNO catabolism and is critical to NO homeostasis. Here, we performed a proteomic analysis examining changes in the total leaf proteome of an Arabidopsis thaliana GSNOR null mutant (hot5-2/gsnor1-3). Significant increases or decreases in proteins associated with chlorophyll metabolism and with redox and stress metabolism provide insight into phenotypes observed in hot5-2/gsnor1-3 plants. Importantly, we identified a significant increase in proteins that belong to the aldo-keto reductase (AKR) protein superfamily, AKR4C8 and 9. Because specific AKRs have been linked to NO metabolism in mammals, we expressed and purified A. thaliana AKR4C8 and 9 and close homologs AKR4C10 and 11 and determined that they have NADPH-dependent activity in GSNO and S-nitroso-coenzyme A (SNO-CoA) reduction. Further, we found an increase of NADPH-dependent GSNO reduction activity in hot5-2/gsnor1-3 mutant plants. These data uncover a new, NADPH-dependent component of NO metabolism that may be integrated with NADH-dependent GSNOR activity to control NO homeostasis in plants.

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