Data_Sheet_1_Putative Riemerella anatipestifer Outer Membrane Protein H Affects Virulence.docx (1.43 MB)
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Data_Sheet_1_Putative Riemerella anatipestifer Outer Membrane Protein H Affects Virulence.docx

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posted on 20.09.2021, 04:52 authored by Qun Gao, Shuwei Lu, Mingshu Wang, Renyong Jia, Shun Chen, Dekang Zhu, Mafeng Liu, Xinxin Zhao, Qiao Yang, Ying Wu, Shaqiu Zhang, Juan Huang, Sai Mao, Xumin Ou, Di Sun, Bin Tian, Anchun Cheng

Riemerella anatipestifer causes serious contagious disease in ducks, geese, and other fowl. However, as a harmful pathogen causing significant economic losses in the poultry industry, R. anatipestifer is still poorly understood for its pathogenesis mechanisms. In a previous study, we developed an indirect ELISA method for detecting R. anatipestifer infection using B739_0832 protein, a putative outer membrane protein H (OmpH) that is conserved among different serotypes of R. anatipestifer. Although OmpH in some pathogenic bacteria, such as Pasteurella, has been reported as a virulence factor, it is still not clear whether B739_0832 protein contributes to the virulence of R. anatipestifer. In this study, we confirmed that B739_0832 protein in R. anatipestifer localizes to the outer membrane. We constructed a B739_0832 deletion mutant strain (ΔB739_0832) and assayed various effects from the deletion of B739_0832. ΔB739_0832 strain had a similar growth rate to wild-type R. anatipestifer CH-1. However, the survival rate of ducklings in 10 days after infection from ΔB739_0832 strain was 50%, whereas no ducklings survived from wild-type R. anatipestifer infection. Furthermore, the median lethal dose (LD50) of the ΔB739_0832 strain was approximately 150 times higher than that of the wild-type strain. Pathology examinations on infected ducklings found that, at 36 h after infection, bacterial loads in blood, liver, and brain tissues from ΔB739_0832-infected ducklings were considerably lower than those from wild-type infected ducklings. These results demonstrate that the B739_0832 protein contributes to the virulence of R. anatipestifer CH-1.

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