Data_Sheet_1_Prognostic value of susceptibility-weighted imaging of prominent veins in acute ischemic stroke: A systematic review and meta-analysis.docx
The prominent veins sign (PVS) on susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) has been suggested to be related to the prognosis of patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). This meta-analysis aims to clarify the association between PVS and the prognosis of patients with AIS.Methods
This meta-analysis was registered in PROSPERO (no. CRD42022343795). We performed systematic research in PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases for studies investigating the prognostic value of PVS. Based on the enrolled studies, patients were divided into two groups as follows: those with PVS cohort and those without PVS cohort. Outcomes were unfavorable functional outcome, early neurological deterioration (END), and hemorrhagic transformation (HT). The random-effects models were used for the meta-analytical pooled. Heterogeneity was estimated using Cochran's Q-test and I2 value. Subgroup and sensitivity analyses were also performed to explore the potential sources of heterogeneity. Publication bias was assessed with funnel plots and using Begger's and Egger's tests.Results
A total of 19 studies with 1,867 patients were included. PVS was correlated with an unfavorable functional outcome in patients with AIS (risk ratio [RR] 1.61, 95% CI 1.28–2.02), especially in those receiving recanalization therapy (RR 2.00, 95% CI 1.52–2.63), but not in those treated conservatively (RR 1.33, 95% CI 0.87–2.04). Moreover, PVS was related to END (RR 2.77, 95% CI 2.21–3.46), while without an increased risk of HT (RR 0.97, 95% CI 0.64–1.47).Conclusion
PVS was associated with an unfavorable prognosis of patients with AIS and increased the risk of END, while not correlated with an increased risk of HT. PVS might be useful for predicting functional outcomes of patients with AIS as a novel imaging maker.Systematic review registration
https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/, identifier: CRD42022343795.