Data_Sheet_1_Prognostic Nomogram for Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: A Comprehensive Analysis of 673 Patients.XLS (275.5 kB)

Data_Sheet_1_Prognostic Nomogram for Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: A Comprehensive Analysis of 673 Patients.XLS

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posted on 10.09.2020, 04:30 by Rui Mao, Shaoxuan Hu, Yuanchuan Zhang, Feng Du, Yu Zhang, Yanjun Liu, Tongtong Zhang
Objective

Despite that the survival rate in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (cALL) is excellent, subsets of high-risk patients with cALL still have high relapse rates, and the cure rate is well below that for which we should aim. The present study aims to construct a prognostic nomogram to better inform clinical practitioners and improve risk stratification for clinical trials.

Methods

The developed nomogram was based on the therapeutically applicable research to generate effective treatment (TARGET) database. With this database, we obtained 673 cALL patients with complete clinical information. We identified and integrated significant prognostic factors to build the nomogram model by univariate and multivariate Cox analysis. The predictive accuracy and discriminative ability of the nomogram were determined by the concordance index (C-index), calibration curve, and area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) of ROC analysis. Internal validations were assessed by the bootstrapping validation.

Results

In the multivariate analysis of the primary cohort, the independent factors for survival were ETV6 RUNX1 fusion status, karyotype, minimal residual disease (MRD) at day 29, and DNA index, which were all integrated into the nomogram. The calibration curve for the probability of survival showed good agreement between the prediction by the nomogram and the actual observation. The C-index of the nomogram for predicting survival was 0.754 (95% CI, 0.715–0.793), and the AUCs for 3-, 5-, and 7-year survival were 0.775, 0.776, and 0.772, respectively.

Conclusion

We comprehensively evaluated the risk of clinical factors associated with prognosis and carried out risk stratification. The nomogram proposed in this study objectively and accurately predicted the prognosis of children with ALL.

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