Data_Sheet_1_Prognostic Implication of the m6A RNA Methylation Regulators in Rectal Cancer.PDF (266.88 kB)
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Data_Sheet_1_Prognostic Implication of the m6A RNA Methylation Regulators in Rectal Cancer.PDF

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posted on 2021-06-03, 04:49 authored by Yajie Chen, Shanshan Wang, William C. Cho, Xiang Zhou, Zhen Zhang

N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is a very common and abundant RNA modifications occurring in nearly all types of RNAs. Although the dysregulated expression of m6A regulators is implicated in cancer progression, our understanding of the prognostic value of the m6A regulators in rectal cancer is still quite limited. In this study, we analyzed the RNA expression levels of the 17 m6A regulator genes of 95 rectal cancer and 10 normal rectal samples from the The Cancer Genome Atlas Rectum Adenocarcinoma (TCGA-READ) dataset. Lasso regression analysis was conducted to build a prognostic model and calculate the risk score. The rectal cancer patients were then devided into the high-risk and low-risk groups according to the mean risk score. The prognostic value of the identified model was separately evaluated in the TCGA-READ and GSE87211 datasets. GSEA was conducted to analyze the functional difference of high-risk and low-risk rectal cancer patients. Our analysis revealed that rectal cancer patients with lower expression of YTHDC2 and METTL14 had a remarkable worse overall survival (P < 0.05). The prognostic value of the model was validated in GSE87211 datasets, with AUC = 0.612 for OS and AUC = 0.651 for RFS. Furthermore, the m6A modification-based risk score system is associated with activation of distinct signaling pathways, such as DNA repair, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, G2M checkpoint and the MYC pathway, that may contribute to the progression of rectal cancer. In conclusion, our findings demonstrated that the m6A RNA methylation regulators, specifically YTHDC2 and METTL14, were significantly down-regulated and might be potential prognostic biomarkers in rectal cancer.