Data_Sheet_1_Prenatal Genetic Counseling in a Chinese Pregnant Woman With Rare Thalassemia: A Case Report.PDF (655.07 kB)
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Data_Sheet_1_Prenatal Genetic Counseling in a Chinese Pregnant Woman With Rare Thalassemia: A Case Report.PDF

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posted on 28.05.2021, 07:10 by Liangying Zhong, Ye Wang, Wenbin Lin, Zhenrong Yao, Jiang Zhang, Hongxu Xu, Pinning Feng, Lijuan Xu

Background: Prenatal genetic counseling can be difficult, especially when it is related to fetuses with a rare thalassemia. An intronic variant located far from obvious regulatory sequences in the HBB gene could be very difficult to evaluate as it may affect the mRNA processing or cause β-thalassemia (β-thal). In the present study, a Chinese pregnant woman with HbJ-Bangkok and a very rare change in the second intron of the HBB gene [IVS-II-806(G>C), NM_000518.4, HBB: c.316-45G>C] in combination with α+-thalassemia was reported, which can assist in prenatal genetic counseling.

Case Report: A 26-year-old pregnant woman presented at the obstetric clinic for a routine pregnancy check at 12 weeks of gestation. Red blood counts and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) were consistent with clinical manifestations of anemia. Multiplex gap-polymerase chain (gap-PCR) displayed rightward deletion (–α3.7/αα). Direct DNA sequencing of the δ-globin gene showed no mutation. Sanger sequencing of the β-globin gene showed a previously undescribed condition of double heterozygosity for HbJ-Bangkok and a very rare change in the second intron of the HBB gene [IVS-II-806(G>C), NM_000518.4, HBB: c.316-45G>C] that has not been previously reported in the HbVar database. Thus, a rare combination of α+-thal and a compound heterozygosity of HbJ-Bangkok and [IVS-II-806(G>C)] with α+-thal (–α3.7/αα) was finally diagnosed. Prenatal genetic counseling was made based on the genotype and phenotype analyses.

Conclusion: This study enlarges the mutation spectrum of β-globin gene and emphasizes DNA analysis in resolving unusual patterns in Hb analysis and the importance of sharing the observed rare undefined mutations and the possible interactions with known molecular defects, which can assist in prenatal genetic counseling.

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