Data_Sheet_1_Prediction of Protein–Protein Interactions Between Alsin DH/PH and Rac1 and Resulting Protein Dynamics.PDF (925.23 kB)
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Data_Sheet_1_Prediction of Protein–Protein Interactions Between Alsin DH/PH and Rac1 and Resulting Protein Dynamics.PDF

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posted on 20.01.2022, 05:15 authored by Marco Cannariato, Marcello Miceli, Marco Cavaglià, Marco A. Deriu

Alsin is a protein of 1,657 amino acids known for its crucial role in vesicular trafficking in neurons thanks to its ability to interact with two guanosine triphosphatases, Rac1 and Rab5. Evidence suggests that Rac1 can bind Alsin central region, composed by a Dbl Homology (DH) domain followed by a Pleckstrin Homology (PH) domain, leading to Alsin relocalization. However, Alsin three-dimensional structure and its relationship with known biological functions of this protein are still unknown. In this work, a homology model of the Alsin DH/PH domain was developed and studied through molecular dynamics both in the presence and in the absence of its binding partner, Rac1. Due to different conformations of DH domain, the presence of Rac1 seems to stabilize an open state of the protein, while the absence of its binding partner results in closed conformations. Furthermore, Rac1 interaction was able to reduce the fluctuations in the second conserved region of DH motif, which may be involved in the formation of a homodimer. Moreover, the dynamics of DH/PH was described through a Markov State Model to study the pathways linking the open and closed states. In conclusion, this work provided an all-atom model for the DH/PH domain of Alsin protein; moreover, molecular dynamics investigations suggested underlying molecular mechanisms in the signal transduction between Rac1 and Alsin, providing the basis for a deeper understanding of the whole structure–function relationship for Alsin protein.

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