Data_Sheet_1_Ontogeny of Synovial Macrophages and the Roles of Synovial Macrophages From Different Origins in Arthritis.pdf (135.13 kB)

Data_Sheet_1_Ontogeny of Synovial Macrophages and the Roles of Synovial Macrophages From Different Origins in Arthritis.pdf

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posted on 24.05.2019 by Jiajie Tu, Wenming Hong, Yawei Guo, Pengying Zhang, Yilong Fang, Xinming Wang, Xiaoyun Chen, Shanshan Lu, Wei Wei

The ontogeny of macrophages in most organ/tissues in human body has been proven. Due to the limited number and inaccessibility of synovial macrophages (SM), the origin of SM has not been fully illuminated. The objective of this study was designed to investigate the ontogeny of SM and to evaluate the role of SM from different origins in arthritis. Two origins of SM, embryonic SM (ESM) and bone marrow SM (BMSM) were identified in Cx3cr1-EGFP mice, CCR2−/− mice and bone marrow (BM) chimera model by using a stringent sorting strategy. The cellular features, including dynamic total cell number, in situ proliferation, phagocytosis and expressions of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory genes, of ESM and BMSM were compared. In addition, ESM and BMSM showed different expression patterns in Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients' synovium and during the developmental process of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mice. Taken together, these results demonstrated that the SM at least has two origins, ESM and BMSM. The different cellular property and dynamic expression patterns in RA patients/CIA mice highlight the notion that ESM and BMSM might play different role in arthritis.

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