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Data_Sheet_1_Not Only Top-Down: The Dual-Processing of Gender-Emotion Stereotypes.ZIP (32.82 kB)

Data_Sheet_1_Not Only Top-Down: The Dual-Processing of Gender-Emotion Stereotypes.ZIP

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posted on 2020-05-26, 04:31 authored by Wen-long Zhu, Ping Fang, Hui-lin Xing, Yan Ma, Mei-lin Yao

Is gender-emotion stereotype a “one-hundred percent” top-down processing phenomenon, or are there additional contributions to cognitive processing from background clues when they are related to stereotypes? In the present study, we measured the gender-emotion stereotypes of 57 undergraduates with a face recall task and found that, regardless of whether the emotional expressions of distractors were congruent or incongruent with targets, people tended to misperceive the fearful faces of men as angry and the angry faces of women as fearful. In particular, there was a significantly larger effect in the distractor-incongruent condition. The revised process-dissociation procedure analysis confirmed that both automatic and controlled processing have their own independent effects on gender-emotion stereotypes. This finding supports a dual-processing perspective on stereotypes and contributes to future research in both theory and methodology.

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