Data_Sheet_1_Multiscale Modeling Framework of Ventricular-Arterial Bi-directional Interactions in the Cardiopulmonary Circulation.docx
Ventricular-arterial coupling plays a key role in the physiologic function of the cardiovascular system. We have previously described a hybrid lumped-finite element (FE) modeling framework of the systemic circulation that couples idealized FE models of the aorta and the left ventricle (LV). Here, we describe an extension of the lumped-FE modeling framework that couples patient-specific FE models of the left and right ventricles, aorta and the large pulmonary arteries in both the systemic and pulmonary circulations. Geometries of the FE models were reconstructed from magnetic resonance (MR) images acquired in a pediatric patient diagnosed with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). The modeling framework was calibrated with pressure waveforms acquired in the heart and arteries by catheterization as well as ventricular volume and arterial diameter waveforms measured from MR images. The calibrated model hemodynamic results match well with the clinically-measured waveforms (volume and pressure) in the LV and right ventricle (RV) as well as with the clinically-measured waveforms (pressure and diameter) in the aorta and main pulmonary artery. The calibrated framework was then used to simulate three cases, namely, (1) an increase in collagen in the large pulmonary arteries, (2) a decrease in RV contractility, and (3) an increase in the total pulmonary arterial resistance, all characteristics of progressive PAH. The key finding from these simulations is that hemodynamics of the pulmonary vasculature and RV wall stress are more sensitive to vasoconstriction with a 10% of reduction in the lumen diameter of the distal vessels than a 67% increase in the proximal vessel's collagen mass.