Data_Sheet_1_Molecular Design, Optimization, and Genomic Integration of Chimeric B Cell Receptors in Murine B Cells.docx

Immune cell therapies based on the integration of synthetic antigen receptors comprise a powerful strategy for the treatment of diverse diseases, most notably T cells engineered to express chimeric antigen receptors (CAR) for targeted cancer therapy. In addition to T lymphocytes, B lymphocytes may also represent valuable immune cells that can be engineered for therapeutic purposes such as protein replacement therapy or recombinant antibody production. In this article, we report a promising concept for the molecular design, optimization, and genomic integration of a novel class of synthetic antigen receptors, chimeric B cell receptors (CBCR). We initially optimized CBCR expression and detection by modifying the extracellular surface tag, the transmembrane regions and intracellular signaling domains. For this purpose, we stably integrated a series of CBCR variants using CRISPR-Cas9 into immortalized B cell hybridomas. Subsequently, we developed a reliable and consistent pipeline to precisely introduce cassettes of several kb size into the genome of primary murine B cells also using CRISPR-Cas9 induced HDR. Finally, we were able to show the robust surface expression and antigen recognition of a synthetic CBCR in primary B cells. We anticipate CBCRs and our approach for engineering primary B cells will be a valuable tool for the advancement of future B cell- based immune cell therapies.