Data_Sheet_1_Molecular Analysis of CYP27B1 Mutations in Vitamin D-Dependent Rickets Type 1A: c.590G > A (p.G197D) Missense Mutation Causes a RNA Splic.docx (155.21 kB)
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Data_Sheet_1_Molecular Analysis of CYP27B1 Mutations in Vitamin D-Dependent Rickets Type 1A: c.590G > A (p.G197D) Missense Mutation Causes a RNA Splicing Error.docx

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posted on 27.11.2020, 05:28 authored by Minjing Zou, Ayla Guven, Huda A. BinEssa, Roua A. Al-Rijjal, Brian F. Meyer, Ali S. Alzahrani, Yufei Shi
Context

Vitamin D-dependent rickets type 1A (VDDR1A) is a rare autosomal recessively inherited disorder due to loss-of-function mutations in the CYP27B1 gene. CYP27B1 encodes an enzyme of 25-hydroxyvitamin D-1α-hydroxylase for converting inactive 25-OHD to biologically active 1,25-(OH)2D.

Objective

To identify underlying genetic defects in patients with VDDR1A.

Methods

Twelve patients from 7 Turkish and 2 Saudi families were investigated. The coding exons and intron-exon boundaries of the CYP27B1 gene were amplified by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) from peripheral lymphocyte DNA. PCR products were directly sequenced. The consequences of c.590G > A mutation were analyzed by in silico and functional analysis.

Results

CYP27B1 mutations were identified in all the patients. Two novel mutations were identified in two separate families: c.171delG (family 7) and c.398_400dupAAT (family 8). The intra-exon deletion of c.171delG resulted in a frameshift and premature stop codon 20 amino acids downstream from the mutation (p.L58Cfs20). The intra-exon duplication of c.398_400dupAAT generated a premature stop codon at the mutation site (p.W134). A missense c.590G > A (p.G197D) mutation was found in a patient from family 4 and caused a defect in pre-mRNA splicing. As a result, two populations of transcripts were detected: the majority of them with intron 3 retention (83%), and the minority (17%) being properly spliced transcripts with about 16% of wild-type enzymatic activity. The remaining nine patients from six families carried a previously reported c.1319_1325dupCCCACCC (F443Pfs24) mutation. Clinically, all the patients need continued calcitriol treatment, which was consistent with inactivation of 25-hydroxy vitamin D1α-hydroxylase activity.

Conclusion

Two novel frameshift CYP27B1 mutations were identified and predicted to inactivate 25-hydroxyvitamin D-1α-hydroxylase. The loss of enzymatic activity by c.590G > A missense mutation was mainly caused by aberrant pre-mRNA splicing.

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