Data_Sheet_1_Modification of Transfer RNA Levels Affects Cyclin Aggregation and the Correct Duplication of Yeast Cells.DOCX (2.88 MB)
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Data_Sheet_1_Modification of Transfer RNA Levels Affects Cyclin Aggregation and the Correct Duplication of Yeast Cells.DOCX

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posted on 15.01.2021, 04:44 by Loreto Arias, Fabián Martínez, Daniela González, Rodrigo Flores-Ríos, Assaf Katz, Mario Tello, Sandra Moreira, Omar Orellana

Codon usage bias (the preferential use of certain synonymous codons (optimal) over others is found at the organism level (intergenomic) within specific genomes (intragenomic) and even in certain genes. Whether it is the result of genetic drift due to GC/AT content and/or natural selection is a topic of intense debate. Preferential codons are mostly found in genes encoding highly-expressed proteins, while lowly-expressed proteins usually contain a high proportion of rare (lowly-represented) codons. While optimal codons are decoded by highly expressed tRNAs, rare codons are usually decoded by lowly-represented tRNAs. Whether rare codons play a role in controlling the expression of lowly- or temporarily-expressed proteins is an open question. In this work we approached this question using two strategies, either by replacing rare glycine codons with optimal counterparts in the gene that encodes the cell cycle protein Cdc13, or by overexpression the tRNAGly that decodes rare codons from the fission yeast, Schizosaccharomyces pombe. While the replacement of synonymous codons severely affected cell growth, increasing tRNA levels affected the aggregation status of Cdc13 and cell division. These lead us to think that rare codons in lowly-expressed cyclin proteins are crucial for cell division, and that the overexpression of tRNA that decodes rare codons affects the expression of proteins containing these rare codons. These codons may be the result of the natural selection of codons in genes that encode lowly-expressed proteins.

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