Data_Sheet_1_Metabolomic Markers of Colorectal Tumor With Different Clinicopathological Features.PDF
Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the result of complex interactions between the tumor's molecular profile and metabolites produced by its microenvironment. Despite recent studies identifying CRC molecular subtypes, a metabolite classification system is still lacking. We aimed to explore the distinct phenotypes and subtypes of CRC at the metabolite level.
Methods: We conducted an untargeted metabolomics analysis of 51 paired tumor tissues and adjacent mucosa using ultra-performance liquid chromatography/quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Multivariate analysis including principal component analysis, orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis and heat maps, univariate analysis, and pathway analysis were used to identify potential metabolite phenotypes of CRC. Unsupervised consensus clustering was used to identify robust metabolite subtypes, and evaluated their clinical relevance.
Results: A total of 173 metabolites (including nucleotides, carbohydrates, free fatty acids, and choline) were identified between CRC tumor tissue and adjacent mucosa. We found that lipid metabolism was closely related to the occurrence and progression of CRC. In particular, CRC tissues could be divided into three subtypes, and statistically significant correlations between different subtypes and clinical prognosis were observed.
Conclusions: CRC tumor tissue exhibits distinct metabolite phenotypes. Metabolite differences between subtypes may provide a basis and direction for further clinical individualized treatment planning.