Data_Sheet_1_Mechano-Electric Coupling and Arrhythmogenic Current Generation in a Computational Model of Coupled Myocytes.pdf (485.92 kB)

Data_Sheet_1_Mechano-Electric Coupling and Arrhythmogenic Current Generation in a Computational Model of Coupled Myocytes.pdf

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posted on 10.12.2020, 05:13 by Viviane Timmermann, Andrew D. McCulloch

A wide range of arrhythmogenic phenotypes have been associated with heterogeneous mechanical dyskinesis. Pro-arrhythmic effects are often associated with dysregulated intra-cellular calcium handling, especially via the development of intra- and inter-cellular calcium waves. Experimental evidence suggests that mechanical strain can contribute to the generation and maintenance of these calcium waves via a variety of mechano-electric coupling mechanisms. Most model studies of mechano-electric coupling mechanisms have been focused on mechano-sensitive ion channels, even though experimental studies have shown that intra- and inter-cellular calcium waves triggered by mechanical perturbations are likely to be more prevalent pro-arrhythmic mechanisms in the diseased heart. A one-dimensional strongly coupled computational model of electromechanics in rabbit ventricular cardiomyocytes showed that specific myocyte stretch sequences can modulate the susceptibility threshold for delayed after-depolarizations. In simulations of mechanically-triggered calcium waves in cardiomyocytes coupled to fibroblasts, susceptibility to calcium wave propagation was reduced as the current through the gap junction caused current drain from the myocytes. In 1D multi-cellular arrays coupled via gap junctions, mechanically-induced waves may contribute to synchronizing arrhythmogenic calcium waves and after-depolarizations.

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