Data_Sheet_1_Mechanistic Analysis of the VirA Sensor Kinase in Agrobacterium tumefaciens Using Structural Models.docx (2.24 MB)
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Data_Sheet_1_Mechanistic Analysis of the VirA Sensor Kinase in Agrobacterium tumefaciens Using Structural Models.docx

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posted on 16.05.2022, 04:49 authored by Addison Swackhammer, Edward A. P. Provencher, Akua K. Donkor, Jessica Garofalo, Sinead Dowling, Kathleen Garchitorena, Ahkar Phyo, Nicky Ramírez Veliz, Matthew Karen, Annie Kwon, Rich Diep, Michael Norris, Martin K. Safo, B. Daniel Pierce

Agrobacterium tumefaciens pathogenesis of plants is initiated with signal reception and culminates with transforming the genomic DNA of its host. The histidine sensor kinase VirA receives and reacts to discrete signaling molecules for the full induction of the genes necessary for this process. Though many of the components of this process have been identified, the precise mechanism of how VirA coordinates the response to host signals, namely phenols and sugars, is unknown. Recent advances of molecular modeling have allowed us to test structure/function predictions and contextualize previous experiments with VirA. In particular, the deep mind software AlphaFold has generated a structural model for the entire protein, allowing us to construct a model that addresses the mechanism of VirA signal reception. Here, we deepen our analysis of the region of VirA that is critical for phenol reception, model and probe potential phenol-binding sites of VirA, and refine its mechanism to strengthen our understanding of A. tumefaciens signal perception.

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