Data_Sheet_1_Mechanical Learning for Prediction of Sepsis-Associated Encephalopathy.zip
Objective: The study aims to develop a mechanical learning model as a predictive model for predicting the appearance of sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE).
Materials and Methods: The prediction model was developed in a primary cohort of 2,028 sepsis patients from June 2001 to October 2012, retrieved from the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care (MIMIC III) database. Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression model was used for data dimension reduction and feature selection. The model was developed using multivariable logistic regression analysis. The performance of the nomogram has been evaluated in terms of calibration, discrimination, and clinical utility.
Results: There were nine particular features in septic patients that were significantly associated with SAE. Predictors of individualized prediction nomograms included age, rapid sequential evaluation of organ failure (qSOFA), and drugs including carbapenem antibiotics, quinolone antibiotics, steroids, midazolam, H2-antagonist, diphenhydramine hydrochloride, and heparin sodium injection. The area under the curve (AUC) was 0.743, indicating good discrimination. The prediction model showed calibration curves with minor deviations from the ideal predictions. Decision curve analysis (DCA) suggested that the nomogram was clinically useful.
Conclusion: We propose a nomogram for the individualized prediction of SAE with satisfactory performance and clinical utility, which could aid the clinician in the early detection and management of SAE.