Data_Sheet_1_Machine Learning in Modeling of Mouse Behavior.pdf (201.46 kB)
Download file

Data_Sheet_1_Machine Learning in Modeling of Mouse Behavior.pdf

Download (201.46 kB)
posted on 2021-09-14, 04:47 authored by Marjan Gharagozloo, Abdelaziz Amrani, Kevin Wittingstall, Andrew Hamilton-Wright, Denis Gris

Mouse behavior is a primary outcome in evaluations of therapeutic efficacy. Exhaustive, continuous, multiparametric behavioral phenotyping is a valuable tool for understanding the pathophysiological status of mouse brain diseases. Automated home cage behavior analysis produces highly granulated data both in terms of number of features and sampling frequency. Previously, we demonstrated several ways to reduce feature dimensionality. In this study, we propose novel approaches for analyzing 33-Hz data generated by CleverSys software. We hypothesized that behavioral patterns within short time windows are reflective of physiological state, and that computer modeling of mouse behavioral routines can serve as a predictive tool in classification tasks. To remove bias due to researcher decisions, our data flow is indifferent to the quality, value, and importance of any given feature in isolation. To classify day and night behavior, as an example application, we developed a data preprocessing flow and utilized logistic regression (LG), support vector machines (SVM), random forest (RF), and one-dimensional convolutional neural networks paired with long short-term memory deep neural networks (1DConvBiLSTM). We determined that a 5-min video clip is sufficient to classify mouse behavior with high accuracy. LG, SVM, and RF performed similarly, predicting mouse behavior with 85% accuracy, and combining the three algorithms in an ensemble procedure increased accuracy to 90%. The best performance was achieved by combining the 1DConv and BiLSTM algorithms yielding 96% accuracy. Our findings demonstrate that computer modeling of the home-cage ethome can clearly define mouse physiological state. Furthermore, we showed that continuous behavioral data can be analyzed using approaches similar to natural language processing. These data provide proof of concept for future research in diagnostics of complex pathophysiological changes that are accompanied by changes in behavioral profile.