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Data_Sheet_1_Liquid Biopsy of Extracellular Vesicle-Derived miR-193a-5p in Colorectal Cancer and Discovery of Its Tumor-Suppressor Functions.PDF (820.51 kB)

Data_Sheet_1_Liquid Biopsy of Extracellular Vesicle-Derived miR-193a-5p in Colorectal Cancer and Discovery of Its Tumor-Suppressor Functions.PDF

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posted on 2020-08-18, 04:33 authored by Rui Wei, Lei Chen, Da Qin, Qingdong Guo, Shengtao Zhu, Peng Li, Li Min, Shutian Zhang

Previously, abnormal extracellular vesicle (EV) sorting of miR-193a was identified in colorectal cancer (CRC) progression. Although a reduced level of miR-193a-5p in plasma/serum has been reported in many different types of cancer, the EV-derived miR-193a-5p level in CRC and its potential application as a minimally invasive biomarker are still unknown. Here, we evaluated the circulating EV-derived miR-193a-5p expression levels in a cohort of 101 participants by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). We found that plasma EV-miR-193a-5p decreased significantly in CRC patients as compared with precancerous colorectal adenoma (CA) and non-cancerous control (NC) individuals. The circulating EV-miR-193a-5p showed an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.740 in distinguishing CRC from CA and an AUC of 0.759 in distinguishing CRC from NC. Furthermore, the suppression on CRC cells of miR-193a-5p was verified by transwell, MTS (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium), EdU, RT-qPCR, and western blotting. Bioinformatic analysis predicted 32 genes, which were the most likely miR-193a-5p targeted and mainly focused on tumor progression. Among them, we revealed that miR-193a-5p could inhibit CRC migration and invasion via targeting tumor-associated genes like CUT-like homeobox 1 (CUX1) and intersectin 1 (ITSN1). In conclusion, miR-193a-5p could suppress CRC development, and decreased plasma EV-miR-193a-5p could be a promising biomarker for human CRC detection.

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