Data_Sheet_1_Investigation Into the Risk Factors Related to In-stent Restenosis in Elderly Patients With Coronary Heart Disease and Type 2 Diabetes Wi.pdf (19.51 kB)
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Data_Sheet_1_Investigation Into the Risk Factors Related to In-stent Restenosis in Elderly Patients With Coronary Heart Disease and Type 2 Diabetes Within 2 Years After the First Drug-Eluting Stent Implantation.pdf

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posted on 20.05.2022, 04:17 authored by Ming Yi, Wen-hui Tang, Shuai Xu, Xiao Ke, Qiang Liu
Background

The present study aims to explore risk factors related to in-stent restenosis (ISR) in elderly patients with coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes within 2 years after the first drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation.

Methods

This case-control study retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of patients with coronary heart disease and diabetes undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in Shenzhen Sun Yat-sen Cardiovascular Hospital between January 2010 and March 2020. Univariate and multivariate models were used to assess independent factors for DES-ISR. Categorical principal component analysis of clinical variables was performed to determine important components for DES-ISR. Nomogram was constructed to quantitatively predict the probability of DES-ISR development. The diagnostic potential of clinical variables was determined by receiver operating characteristic curve.

Results

In the derivation cohort, 1,741 cases were included in this study, and a total of 227 pairs of cases and controls were generated by propensity score matching. In the validation cohort, 102 cases were included with 19 cases (18.6%) with DES-ISR. Glomerular filtration rate <60 ml/min/1.73 m2, fasting blood glucose ≥6.5 mmol/L, multivessel coronary artery disease, coronary artery diffuse disease, PCI operation time (≥60 min), emergency PCI were associated with ISR. High Nomogram score was associated with the increased risk of ISR. Further analysis of the validation cohort showed that higher levels of HbA1c-coefficient of variation (CV) were significantly associated with the increased risk of ISR. HbA1c-CV exhibited good predictive ability for ISR in the validation cohort.

Conclusions

In conclusion, the fasting blood glucose level during the perioperative period of emergency PCI and the long-term variation of HbA1c during the follow-up period are related to the incidence of DES-ISR and the degree of stenosis. Reducing blood glucose fluctuations may decrease the risk of DES-ISR.

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