Data_Sheet_1_Integrating Tumor Stroma Biomarkers With Clinical Indicators for Colon Cancer Survival Stratification.pdf (5.5 MB)
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Data_Sheet_1_Integrating Tumor Stroma Biomarkers With Clinical Indicators for Colon Cancer Survival Stratification.pdf

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posted on 07.12.2020, 05:05 by Yong Chen, Wenlong Wang, Bo Jiang, Lei Yao, Fada Xia, Xinying Li

The tumor stroma plays an important role in tumor progression and chemotherapeutic resistance; however, its role in colon cancer (CC) survival prognosis remains to be investigated. Here, we identified tumor stroma biomarkers and evaluated their role in CC prognosis stratification. Four independent datasets containing a total of 1,313 patients were included in this study and were divided into training and testing sets. Stromal scores calculated using the estimation of stromal and immune cells in malignant tumors using expression data (ESTIMATE) algorithm were used to assess the tumor stroma level. Kaplan-Meier curves and the log-rank test were used to identify relationships between stromal score and prognosis. Tumor stroma biomarkers were identified by cross-validation of multiple datasets and bioinformatics methods. Cox proportional hazards regression models were constructed using four prognosis factors (age, tumor stage, the ESTIMATE stromal score, and the biomarker stromal score) in different combinations for prognosis prediction and compared. Patients with high stromal scores had a lower overall survival rate (p = 0.00016), higher risk of recurrence (p < 0.0001), and higher probability of chemotherapeutic resistance (p < 0.0001) than those with low scores. We identified 16 tumor stroma biomarkers and generated a new prognosis indicator termed the biomarker stromal score (ranging from 0 to 16) based on their expression levels. Its addition to an age/tumor stage-based model significantly improved prognosis prediction accuracy. In conclusion, the tumor stromal score is significantly negatively associated with CC survival prognosis, and the new tumor stroma indicator can improve CC prognosis stratification.

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