Data_Sheet_1_Integrated Analysis of microRNA-mRNA Expression in Mouse Lungs Infected With H7N9 Influenza Virus: A Direct Comparison of Host-Adapting P.zip (1.71 MB)

Data_Sheet_1_Integrated Analysis of microRNA-mRNA Expression in Mouse Lungs Infected With H7N9 Influenza Virus: A Direct Comparison of Host-Adapting PB2 Mutants.zip

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posted on 28.07.2020 by Yanna Guo, Nan Huang, Miao Tian, Menglu Fan, Qingzheng Liu, Zhiyuan Liu, Tongtong Sun, Jingjin Huang, Huizhi Xia, Yongzhen Zhao, Jihui Ping

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important regulators involved in the antiviral response to influenza virus infection, however, an analytical comparison of miRNA and mRNA expression changes induced by several H7N9 host-adapting PB2 mutants remains undone. Here, miRNA microarray and transcriptome sequencing of BALB/c mouse lungs infected with A/Anhui/1/2013 (H7N9) [hereafter referred to as H7N9/AH1-PB2-627K(WT)] and mutant variants with PB2 amino acid substitutions (avian-like H7N9/AH1-PB2-627E and mammalian-adapted H7N9/AH1-PB2-627E/701N) were directly compared. The results showed that influenza virus infection induced dysregulation of numerous host cell processes. In a miRNA-mRNA network associated with immunity, changes in the expression of 38 miRNAs and 58 mRNAs were detected following influenza virus infection. Notably, the miRNAs of mmu-miR-188-5p, mmu-miR-511-5p, mmu-miR-483-5p, and mmu-miR-690 were specifically associated with the replication of the avian-like virus H7N9/AH1-PB2-627E. Likewise, the miRNAs of mmu-miR-691, mmu-miR-329-3p, and mmu-miR-144-3p were specifically associated with the mammalian-adapted virus H7N9/AH1-PB2-627E/701N. Finally, the miRNAs of mmu-miR-98-5p, mmu-miR-103-3p, mmu-miR-199a-5p, and mmu-miR-378a-3p were specifically associated with H7N9/AH1-PB2-627K(WT) virus replication. This is the first report of comparative integration analysis of miRNA-mRNA expression of these three H7N9 influenza viruses with different host-adapting PB2 mutations. Our results highlight potential miRNAs of importance in influenza virus pathogenesis.

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