Data_Sheet_1_Integrated Analysis of Stemness-Related LncRNAs Helps Predict the Immunotherapy Responsiveness of Gastric Cancer Patients.docx
The immune microenvironment plays a critical role in tumor biology. As a critical feature of cancers, stemness is acknowledged as a contributor to the development of drug resistance in gastric cancers (GCs). Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been revealed to participate in this process. In this study, we aimed to develop a stemness-related lncRNA signature (SRLncSig) with guiding significance for immunotherapy. Three cohorts (TCGA, Zhongshan, and IMvigor210) were enrolled for analysis. A list of stemness-related lncRNAs (SRlncRNAs) was collected by co-expression strategy under the threshold of coefficient value >0.35 and p-value < 0.05. Cox and Lasso regression analysis was further applied to find out the SRlncRNAs with prognosis-predictive value to establish the SRLncSig in the TCGA cohort. IPS and TIDE algorithms were further applied to predict the efficacy of SRLncSig in TCGA and Zhongshan cohorts. IMvigor210 was composed of patients with clinical outcomes of immunotherapy. The results indicated that SRLncSig not only was confirmed as an independent risk factor for GCs but also identified as a robust indicator for immunotherapy. The patient with a lower SRLncSig score was more likely to benefit from immunotherapy, and the results were highly consistent in three cohorts. In conclusion, our study not only could clarify the correlations between stemness and immunotherapy in GC patients but also provided a model to guide the applications of immunotherapy in clinical practice.