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Data_Sheet_1_Influence of temperature and pH on induction of Shiga toxin Stx1a in Escherichia coli.PDF (362.16 kB)

Data_Sheet_1_Influence of temperature and pH on induction of Shiga toxin Stx1a in Escherichia coli.PDF

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posted on 2023-07-06, 04:32 authored by Vinicius Silva Castro, Skyler Ngo, Kim Stanford

Shiga toxin-producing strains represent pathogenic group that is of concern in food production. The present study evaluated forty-eight E. coli isolates (11 with intact stx gene, while remaining isolates presented only stx-fragments) for Shiga toxin production. The four most expressive stx-producers (O26, O103, O145, and O157) were selected to evaluate effects of pH (3.5, 4.5, and 7) and temperature (35, 40, and 50°C). After determining acid stress effects in media on Stx-induction, we mimicked “in natura” conditions using milk, apple, and orange juices. Only isolates that showed the presence of intact stx gene (11/48) produced Shiga toxin. In addition, acid pH had a role in down-regulating the production of Shiga toxin, in both lactic acid and juices. In contrast, non-lethal heating (40°C), when in neutral pH and milk was a favorable environment to induce Shiga toxin. Lastly, two isolates (O26 and O103) showed a higher capacity to produce Shiga toxin and were included in a genomic cluster with other E. coli involved in worldwide foodborne outbreaks. The induction of this toxin when subjected to 40°C may represent a potential risk to the consumer, since the pathogenic effect of oral ingestion of Shiga toxin has already been proved in an animal model.

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