Data_Sheet_1_Improved Detection of Potentially Pleiotropic Genes in Coronary Artery Disease and Chronic Kidney Disease Using GWAS Summary Statistics.docx (20.69 MB)

Data_Sheet_1_Improved Detection of Potentially Pleiotropic Genes in Coronary Artery Disease and Chronic Kidney Disease Using GWAS Summary Statistics.docx

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posted on 03.12.2020, 05:40 by Haimiao Chen, Ting Wang, Jinna Yang, Shuiping Huang, Ping Zeng

The coexistence of coronary artery disease (CAD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) implies overlapped genetic foundation. However, the common genetic determination between the two diseases remains largely unknown. Relying on summary statistics publicly available from large scale genome-wide association studies (n = 184,305 for CAD and n = 567,460 for CKD), we observed significant positive genetic correlation between CAD and CKD (rg = 0.173, p = 0.024) via the linkage disequilibrium score regression. Next, we implemented gene-based association analysis for each disease through MAGMA (Multi-marker Analysis of GenoMic Annotation) and detected 763 and 827 genes associated with CAD or CKD (FDR < 0.05). Among those 72 genes were shared between the two diseases. Furthermore, by integrating the overlapped genetic information between CAD and CKD, we implemented two pleiotropy-informed informatics approaches including cFDR (conditional false discovery rate) and GPA (Genetic analysis incorporating Pleiotropy and Annotation), and identified 169 and 504 shared genes (FDR < 0.05), of which 121 genes were simultaneously discovered by cFDR and GPA. Importantly, we found 11 potentially new pleiotropic genes related to both CAD and CKD (i.e., ARHGEF19, RSG1, NDST2, CAMK2G, VCL, LRP10, RBM23, USP10, WNT9B, GOSR2, and RPRML). Five of the newly identified pleiotropic genes were further repeated via an additional dataset CAD available from UK Biobank. Our functional enrichment analysis showed that those pleiotropic genes were enriched in diverse relevant pathway processes including quaternary ammonium group transmembrane transporter, dopamine transport. Overall, this study identifies common genetic architectures overlapped between CAD and CKD and will help to advance understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying the comorbidity of the two diseases.

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