Data_Sheet_1_Immunogenicity of Potential CD4+ and CD8+ T Cell Epitopes Derived From the Proteome of Leishmania braziliensis.pdf (1.07 MB)

Data_Sheet_1_Immunogenicity of Potential CD4+ and CD8+ T Cell Epitopes Derived From the Proteome of Leishmania braziliensis.pdf

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posted on 14.02.2020, 11:24 by Rafael de Freitas e Silva, Beatriz Coutinho de Oliveira, Ailton Alvaro da Silva, Maria Carolina Accioly Brelaz de Castro, Luiz Felipe Gomes Rebello Ferreira, Marcelo Zaldini Hernandes, Maria Edileuza Felinto de Brito, Osvaldo Pompílio de-Melo-Neto, Antônio Mauro Rezende, Valéria Rêgo Alves Pereira

Background: A safe and effective vaccine against human leishmaniasis still requires the identification of better antigens for immunization and adequate models to evaluate the immune response. To support vaccine development, this work tested the immunogenicity of 10 different peptides derived from the proteome of Leishmania braziliensis, which were selected by their in silico affinity to MHC complexes.

Research design and Methods: Comparative cell proliferation assays were performed by culturing, in the presence of each peptide, PBMC cells from subclinical subjects (SC), cutaneous leishmaniasis patients with active disease (AD), post-treatment (PT) individuals, and healthy controls. Culture supernatants were then used for Th1, Th2, and Th17 cytokine measurements. Cells from selected PT samples were also used to assess the expression, by T cells, of the T-bet Th1 transcription factor.

Results: A robust cell proliferation was observed for the SC group, for all the tested peptides. The levels of Th1 cytokines were peptide-dependent and had substantial variations between groups, where, for instance, IFN-γ and TNF levels were some of the highest, particularly on PT cultures, when compared to IL-2. On the other hand, Th2 cytokines displayed much less variation. IL-6 was the most abundant among all the evaluated cytokines while IL-4 and IL-10 could be found at much lower concentrations. IL-17 was also detected with variations in SC and AD groups. T-bet was up-regulated in CD4+ and CD8+ T cells from the PT group after stimulation with all peptides.

Conclusions: The peptide epitopes can differentially stimulate cells from SC, AD, and PT individuals, leading to distinct immune responses.

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