Data_Sheet_1_Identification of Loci and Candidate Genes Responsible for Fiber Length in Upland Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) via Association Mapping .PDF (1.17 MB)
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Data_Sheet_1_Identification of Loci and Candidate Genes Responsible for Fiber Length in Upland Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) via Association Mapping and Linkage Analyses.PDF

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posted on 05.02.2019, 08:29 by Chi Zhang, Libei Li, Qibao Liu, Lijiao Gu, Jianqin Huang, Hengling Wei, Hantao Wang, Shuxun Yu

Fiber length (FL) is an important fiber quality trait in cotton. Although many fiber quality quantitative trait loci (QTL) responsible for FL have been identified, most cannot be applied to breeding programs, mainly due to unstable environments or large confidence intervals. In this study, we combined a genome-wide association study (GWAS) and linkage mapping to identify and validate high-quality QTLs responsible for FL. For the GWAS, we developed 93,250 high-quality single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers based on 355 accessions, and the FL was measured in eight different environments. For the linkage mapping, we constructed an F2 population from two extreme accessions. The high-density linkage maps spanned 3,848.29 cM, with an average marker interval of 1.41 cM. In total, 14 and 13 QTLs were identified in the association and linkage mapping analyses, respectively. Most importantly, a major QTL on chromosome D03 identified in both populations explained more than 10% of the phenotypic variation (PV). Furthermore, we found that a sucrose synthesis-related gene (Gh_D03G1338) was associated with FL in this QTL region. The RNA-seq data showed that Gh_D03G1338 was highly expressed during the fiber development stage, and the qRT-PCR analysis showed significant expression differences between the long fiber and short fiber varieties. These results suggest that Gh_D03G1338 may determine cotton fiber elongation by regulating the synthesis of sucrose. Favorable QTLs and candidate genes should be useful for increasing fiber quality in cotton breeding.

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