Data_Sheet_1_Identification and Validation of an Antivirulence Agent Targeting HlyU-Regulated Virulence in Vibrio vulnificus.docx (610.85 kB)
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Data_Sheet_1_Identification and Validation of an Antivirulence Agent Targeting HlyU-Regulated Virulence in Vibrio vulnificus.docx

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posted on 11.05.2018, 04:11 by Saba Imdad, Akhilesh Kumar Chaurasia, Kyeong Kyu Kim

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in pathogens is the result of indiscriminate use of antibiotics and consequent metabolic/genetic modulation to evolve survival strategies and clonal-selection in AMR strains. As an alternative to antibiotic treatment, antivirulence strategies are being developed, not only to combat bacterial pathogenesis, but also to avoid emerging antibiotic resistance. Vibrio vulnificus is a foodborne pathogen that causes gastroenteritis, necrotizing wound infections, and sepsis with a high rate of mortality. Here, we developed an inhibitor-screening reporter platform to target HlyU, a master transcriptional regulator of virulence factors in V. vulnificus by assessing rtxA1 transcription under its control. The inhibitor-screening platform includes wild type and ΔhlyU mutant strains of V. vulnificus harboring the reporter construct PrtxA1::luxCDABE for desired luminescence signal detection and control background luminescence, respectively. Using the inhibitor-screening platform, we identified a small molecule, fursultiamine hydrochloride (FTH), that inhibits the transcription of the highly invasive repeat-in-toxin (rtxA1) and hemolysin (vvhA) along with other HlyU regulated virulence genes. FTH has no cytotoxic effects on either host cells or pathogen at the tested concentrations. FTH rescues host cells from the necrotic cell-death induced by RtxA1 and decreases the hemolytic activity under in vitro conditions. The most important point is that FTH treatment does not induce the antivirulence resistance. Current study validated the antivirulence strategy targeting the HlyU virulence transcription factor and toxin-network of V. vulnificus and demonstrated that FTH, exhibits a potential to inhibit the pathogenesis of deadly, opportunistic human pathogen, V. vulnificus without inducing AMR.

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