Data_Sheet_1_IL-37 Ameliorating Allergic Inflammation in Atopic Dermatitis Through Regulating Microbiota and AMPK-mTOR Signaling Pathway-Modulated Aut.DOCX (413.92 kB)

Data_Sheet_1_IL-37 Ameliorating Allergic Inflammation in Atopic Dermatitis Through Regulating Microbiota and AMPK-mTOR Signaling Pathway-Modulated Autophagy Mechanism.DOCX

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posted on 28.04.2020, 05:24 by Tianheng Hou, Xiaoyu Sun, Jing Zhu, Kam-Lun Hon, Peiyong Jiang, Ida Miu-Ting Chu, Miranda Sin-Man Tsang, Christopher Wai-Kei Lam, Huasong Zeng, Chun-Kwok Wong

Interaction between eosinophils and dermal fibroblasts is essential for provoking allergic inflammation in atopic dermatitis (AD). In vitro co-culture of human eosinophils and dermal fibroblasts upon AD-related IL-31 and IL-33 stimulation, and in vivo MC903-induced AD murine model were employed to investigate the anti-inflammatory mechanism of IL-1 family cytokine IL-37 in AD. Results showed that IL-37b could inhibit the in vitro induction of AD-related pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and TNF-α, and chemokines CXCL8, CCL2 and CCL5, increase autophagosome biogenesis-related LC3B, and decrease autophagy-associated ubiquitinated protein p62 by regulating intracellular AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway. In CRISPR/Cas9 human IL-37b knock-in mice, IL-37b could significantly alleviate MC903-stimulated ear tissue swelling, itching sensation and the level of circulating cytokine IL-6 and ear in situ expression of AD-related TNF-α, CCL5 and transforming growth factor-β. Moreover, IL-37b could significantly upregulate Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Treg) in spleen and ear together with significantly increased serum Treg cytokine IL-10, and decrease eosinophil infiltration in ear lesion. IL-37b knock-in mice showed a distinct intestinal microbiota metabolic pattern upon MC903 stimulation. Furthermore, IL-37b restored the disordered gut microbiota diversity, through regulating the in vivo autophagy mechanism mediated by intestinal metabolite 3-methyladenine, adenosine monophosphate, 2-hydroxyglutarate, purine and melatonin. In summary, IL-37b could significantly ameliorate eosinophils-mediated allergic inflammation via the regulation of autophagy mechanism, intestinal bacterial diversity and their metabolites in AD. Results therefore suggest that IL-37 is a potential anti-inflammatory cytokine for AD treatment.

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