Data_Sheet_1_Gut Microbiota Altered in Mild Cognitive Impairment Compared With Normal Cognition in Sporadic Parkinson's Disease.zip
Background and Aim: Gut bacteria play an important role in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the alteration of fecal microbiota in PD with cognitive impairment remains unexplored. This study aimed to explore whether the gut microbiota of patients with PD having mild cognitive impairment (PD-MCI) were different from those with PD having normal cognition (PD-NC) and from healthy controls (HC). Also, the study probed the association between altered gut microbiota and cognitive ability in patients with PD.
Methods: The fecal bacteria composition and short-chain fatty acids of 13 patients with PD-MCI, 14 patients with PD-NC, and 13 healthy spouses were analyzed using 16S ribosomal RNA sequencing and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry.
Results: Compared with HC, the fecal microbial diversities increased in patients with PD-MCI and PD-NC. After adjusting the influence of age, sex, body mass index, education, and constipation using the statistical method, the relative abundances of two families (Rikenellaceae and Ruminococcaceae) and four genera (Alistipes, Barnesiella, Butyricimonas, and Odoribacter) were found to be higher in the feces of the PD-MCI group compared with the other two groups. Moreover, the abundance of genus Blautia and Ruminococcus decreased obviously in the PD-MCI group compared with the PD-NC group. Further, the abundance of genera Butyricimonas, Barnesiella, Alistipes, Odoribacter, and Ruminococcus negatively correlated with cognition ability.
Conclusion: Compared with HC and patients with PD-NC, the gut microbiota of patients with PD-MCI was significantly altered, particularly manifesting in enriched genera from Porphyromonadaceae family and decreased the abundance of genera Blautia and Ruminococcus.