Data_Sheet_1_Global Profiling of N-Glycoproteins and N-Glycans in the Diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum.xlsx (282.87 kB)
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Data_Sheet_1_Global Profiling of N-Glycoproteins and N-Glycans in the Diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum.xlsx

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posted on 03.12.2021, 04:41 by Xihui Xie, Hong Du, Jichen Chen, Muhammad Aslam, Wanna Wang, Weizhou Chen, Ping Li, Hua Du, Xiaojuan Liu

N-glycosylation is an important posttranslational modification in all eukaryotes, but little is known about the N-glycoproteins and N-glycans in microalgae. Here, N-glycoproteomic and N-glycomic approaches were used to unveil the N-glycoproteins and N-glycans in the model diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum. In total, 863 different N-glycopeptides corresponding to 639 N-glycoproteins were identified from P. tricornutum. These N-glycoproteins participated in a variety of important metabolic pathways in P. tricornutum. Twelve proteins participating in the N-glycosylation pathway were identified as N-glycoproteins, indicating that the N-glycosylation of these proteins might be important for the protein N-glycosylation pathway. Subsequently, 69 N-glycans corresponding to 59 N-glycoproteins were identified and classified into high mannose and hybrid type N-glycans. High mannose type N-glycans contained four different classes, such as Man-5, Man-7, Man-9, and Man-10 with a terminal glucose residue. Hybrid type N-glycan harbored Man-4 with a terminal GlcNAc residue. The identification of N-glycosylation on nascent proteins expanded our understanding of this modification at a N-glycoproteomic scale, the analysis of N-glycan structures updated the N-glycan database in microalgae. The results obtained from this study facilitate the elucidation of the precise function of these N-glycoproteins and are beneficial for future designing the microalga to produce the functional humanized biopharmaceutical N-glycoproteins for the clinical therapeutics.

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