Data_Sheet_1_Genetic Analysis and Literature Review of SNCA Variants in Parkinson's Disease.pdf (407.26 kB)
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Data_Sheet_1_Genetic Analysis and Literature Review of SNCA Variants in Parkinson's Disease.pdf

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posted on 12.08.2021, 05:18 by Yi Guo, Yan Sun, Zhi Song, Wen Zheng, Wei Xiong, Yan Yang, Lamei Yuan, Hao Deng

Parkinson's disease (PD) is the fastest-growing neurodegenerative disorder. Aging, environmental factors, and genetics are considered as risk factors. The alpha-synuclein gene (SNCA), the first pathogenic gene identified in a familial form of PD, was indisputably involved as a heritable component for familial and sporadic PD. In this study, whole-exome sequencing and Sanger sequencing were performed to evaluate the association between the SNCA gene variants and PD. The genetic data of 438 clinically diagnosed patients with PD and 543 matched control populations of the Han Chinese were analyzed. The literature review of SNCA variants for 231 cases reported in 89 articles was extracted from the PubMed and the Movement Disorder Society Genetic mutation database. No potentially causative variant(s) in the SNCA gene, excepting two single-nucleotide nonsynonymous variants c.158C>T (p.A53V, rs542171324) and c.349C>T (p.P117S, rs145138372), were detected. There was no statistically significant difference in the genotypic or allelic frequencies for either variant between the PD group and the control group (all P > 0.05). No copy number variants of the SNCA gene were detected. The results of this study suggest that the variants in the exons of the SNCA gene may have less or no role in the development of PD in the Han Chinese populations. The literature review suggests that psychiatric signs and cognitive decline/dementia were more common among patients with SNCA duplication or triplication (psychiatric signs: χ2 = 7.892, P = 0.005; cognitive decline/dementia: χ2 = 8.991, P = 0.003).

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