Data_Sheet_1_GWAS Mediated Elucidation of Heterosis for Metric Traits in Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Across Multiple (200.71 kB)
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Data_Sheet_1_GWAS Mediated Elucidation of Heterosis for Metric Traits in Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Across Multiple

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posted on 20.05.2021, 05:05 authored by Zareen Sarfraz, Muhammad Shahid Iqbal, Xiaoli Geng, Muhammad Sajid Iqbal, Mian Faisal Nazir, Haris Ahmed, Shoupu He, Yinhua Jia, Zhaoe Pan, Gaofei Sun, Saghir Ahmad, Qinglian Wang, Hongde Qin, Jinhai Liu, Hui Liu, Jun Yang, Zhiying Ma, Dongyong Xu, Jinlong Yang, Jinbiao Zhang, Zhikun Li, Zhongmin Cai, Xuelin Zhang, Xin Zhang, Aifen Huang, Xianda Yi, Guanyin Zhou, Lin Li, Haiyong Zhu, Baoyin Pang, Liru Wang, Junling Sun, Xiongming Du

For about a century, plant breeding has widely exploited the heterosis phenomenon–often considered as hybrid vigor–to increase agricultural productivity. The ensuing F1 hybrids can substantially outperform their progenitors due to heterozygous combinations that mitigate deleterious mutations occurring in each genome. However, only fragmented knowledge is available concerning the underlying genes and processes that foster heterosis. Although cotton is among the highly valued crops, its improvement programs that involve the exploitation of heterosis are still limited in terms of significant accomplishments to make it broadly applicable in different agro-ecological zones. Here, F1 hybrids were derived from mating a diverse Upland Cotton germplasm with commercially valuable cultivars in the Line × Tester fashion and evaluated across multiple environments for 10 measurable traits. These traits were dissected into five different heterosis types and specific combining ability (SCA). Subsequent genome-wide predictions along-with association analyses uncovered a set of 298 highly significant key single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)/Quantitative Trait Nucleotides (QTNs) and 271 heterotic Quantitative Trait Nucleotides (hQTNs) related to agronomic and fiber quality traits. The integration of a genome wide association study with RNA-sequence analysis yielded 275 candidate genes in the vicinity of key SNPs/QTNs. Fiber micronaire (MIC) and lint percentage (LP) had the maximum number of associated genes, i.e., each with 45 related to QTNs/hQTNs. A total of 54 putative candidate genes were identified in association with HETEROSIS of quoted traits. The novel players in the heterosis mechanism highlighted in this study may prove to be scientifically and biologically important for cotton biologists, and for those breeders engaged in cotton fiber and yield improvement programs.