Data_Sheet_1_Fusobacterium nucleatum Affects Cell Apoptosis by Regulating Intestinal Flora and Metabolites to Promote the Development of Colorectal Cancer.zip
Intestinal flora, especially Fusobacterium nucleatum (Fn), can affect the development of colorectal cancer (CRC). In this study, we examined the composition of intestinal flora and their metabolites in the tissues, serum and feces of CRC patients.Materials and Methods
CRC tissues, adjacent normal colonic tissues, fecal and serum samples were collected from CRC patients who received surgical treatment between January 2018 and January 2020. Fecal and serum samples were collected from healthy individuals for comparison. In addition, fecal samples were collected from BALB/c female mice. SW480, a human CRC cell line, was utilized for in vitro studies. The experiments involved 1H-NMR-based metabolomics analysis, targeted and untargeted mass spectrometry analysis, and intestinal flora 16S rDNA V4 region sequencing.Results
The abundance of Bacteroides and propionic acid concentration were decreased and that of Lactobacillus and lactic acid concentration were increased in CRC tissues. In addition, the abundances of Ruminococcus, Prevotella, and Sutterell were decreased in CRC patients. The levels of leucine and isoleucine were decreased in the serum and tumor tissues of CRC patients. Aspartate, glutamate and glutathione levels were elevated in the tissues of CRC patients only. The serum glutamine, tyrosine, valine, alanine, and histidine levels were decreased significantly. Lactic acid inhibited and propionic acid promoted apoptosis among SW480 CRC cells.Conclusion
Fn affected the apoptosis of CRC cells and promoted the progression of CRC by affecting the distribution of intestinal flora, which altered the concentrations of metabolites such as lactic acid, propionic acid. Intestinal flora could regulate amino acid metabolism.