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Data_Sheet_1_First generation of multifunctional peptides derived from latarcin-3a from Lachesana tarabaevi spider toxin.DOCX (59.08 kB)

Data_Sheet_1_First generation of multifunctional peptides derived from latarcin-3a from Lachesana tarabaevi spider toxin.DOCX

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posted on 2022-09-21, 04:47 authored by Luiz Filipe Ramalho Nunes de Moraes, Patrícia Souza e Silva, Tábata Camila Pereira Leite Pereira, Thiago Antônio Almeida Rodrigues, Breno Emanuel Farias Frihling, Rosiane Andrade da Costa, Heron Fernandes Vieira Torquato, Cauê Santos Lima, Edgar Julian Paredes-Gamero, Ludovico Migliolo

The need for discovering new compounds that can act selectively on pathogens is becoming increasingly evident, given the number of deaths worldwide due to bacterial infections or tumor cells. New multifunctional biotechnological tools are being sought, including compounds present in spider venoms, which have high biotechnological potential. The present work aims to perform the rational design and functional evaluation of synthetic peptides derived from Lachesana tarabaevi spider toxin, known as latarcin-3a. The antimicrobial activity was tested against Gram-positive and -negative bacteria, with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) between 4 and 128 μg.ml−1. Anti-biofilm tests were then performed to obtain MICs, where the peptides demonstrated activity from 4 to 128 μg.ml−1. In vitro cell cytotoxicity assays were carried out from tumor cell lines, lineages C1498, Kasumi-1, K-562, Jurkat, MOLT4, and Raji. Erythrocyte integrity was evaluated in the presence of synthetic peptides analog, which did not promote hemolysis at 128 μg.ml−1. The peptide that showed the best antibacterial activity was Lt-MAP3 and the best antitumor was Lt-MAP2. In conclusion, rational design of multifunctional antimicrobial peptides may be promising alternative tools in the treatment of emerging diseases such as bacterial infections and tumor cells.

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