Data_Sheet_1_Explication of the Potential of 2-Hydroxy-4-Methoxybenzaldehyde in Hampering Uropathogenic Proteus mirabilis Crystalline Biofilm and Viru.pdf (254.44 kB)
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Data_Sheet_1_Explication of the Potential of 2-Hydroxy-4-Methoxybenzaldehyde in Hampering Uropathogenic Proteus mirabilis Crystalline Biofilm and Virulence.pdf

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posted on 10.12.2019, 04:09 by Ravindran Durgadevi, Gurusamy Abirami, Rajaiah Alexpandi, Kumar Nandhini, Ponnuchamy Kumar, Santhiyagu Prakash, Arumugam Veera Ravi

Proteus mirabilis is an important etiological agent of catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) owing to its efficient crystalline biofilm formation and virulence enzyme production. Hence, the present study explicated the antibiofilm and antivirulence efficacies of 2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzaldehyde (HMB) against P. mirabilis in a non-bactericidal manner. HMB showed concentration-dependent biofilm inhibition, which was also evinced in light, confocal, and scanning electron microscopic (SEM) analyses. The other virulence factors such as urease, hemolysin, siderophores, and extracellular polymeric substances production as well as swimming and swarming motility were also inhibited by HMB treatment. Further, HMB treatment effectively reduced the struvite/apatite production as well as crystalline biofilm formation by P. mirabilis. Furthermore, the results of gene expression analysis unveiled the ability of HMB to impair the expression level of virulence genes such as flhB, flhD, rsbA, speA, ureR, hpmA, and hpmB, which was found to be in correlation with the results of in vitro bioassays. Additionally, the cytotoxicity analysis divulged the innocuous characteristic of HMB against human embryonic kidney cells. Thus, the present study reports the potency of HMB to act as a promising therapeutic remedy for P. mirabilis-instigated CAUTIs.

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