Data_Sheet_1_Effects of Selenomethionine on Cell Viability, Selenoprotein Expression and Antioxidant Function in Porcine Mammary Epithelial Cells.XLSX (208.45 kB)
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Data_Sheet_1_Effects of Selenomethionine on Cell Viability, Selenoprotein Expression and Antioxidant Function in Porcine Mammary Epithelial Cells.XLSX

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posted on 26.07.2021, 04:04 authored by Jun Chen, Yinzhi Zhang, Yantao Lv, Min Tian, Jinming You, Fang Chen, Shihai Zhang, Wutai Guan

This study investigated the effects of selenomethionine (Se-Met) on the cell viability, selenoprotein expression, and antioxidant function of porcine mammary epithelial cells (pMECs) to reveal the underlying molecular mechanism of Se-Met on the lactation performance and antioxidant capacity of sows in vitro. The pMECs were used as an in vitro model and were treated with various concentrations of Se-Met (0, 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 μM). Cells were analyzed for cell viability, selenoprotein transcriptome, selenoprotein expression, and antioxidant enzyme activities. The results showed that, with increasing Se-Met concentrations, cell viability first increased and then decreased at 24, 48, or 72 h posttreatment with maximum values at 0.5-μM Se-Met. As the Se-Met concentrations increased, the mRNA expression of 17 selenoproteins first upregulated and then downregulated, with maximum values at 0.5-μM Se-Met. The 17 selenoproteins included SEPHS2, SELENOP, GPX1, GPX2, GPX3, GPX6, TXNRD1, SELENOK, SELENOW, DIO1, DIO2, DIO3, SELENOF, SELENOS, SELENOH, SELENOI, and SELENOT. Additionally, the protein expression levels of SEPHS2, SELENOP, GPX1, and TXNRD1 and the activities of glutathione peroxidase and thioredoxin were highest at 0.5-μM Se-Met. In conclusion, 0.5-μM Se-Met promotes cell viability partially by improving selenoprotein expression and antioxidant function in pMECs, which provides evidence for the potential ability of Se-Met to improve mammary gland health in sows.

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