Data_Sheet_1_EEG Microstate-Specific Functional Connectivity and Stroke-Related Alterations in Brain Dynamics.ZIP (22.13 MB)
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Data_Sheet_1_EEG Microstate-Specific Functional Connectivity and Stroke-Related Alterations in Brain Dynamics.ZIP

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posted on 11.05.2022, 04:57 by Zexuan Hao, Xiaoxue Zhai, Dandan Cheng, Yu Pan, Weibei Dou

The brain, as a complex dynamically distributed information processing system, involves the coordination of large-scale brain networks such as neural synchronization and fast brain state transitions, even at rest. However, the neural mechanisms underlying brain states and the impact of dysfunction following brain injury on brain dynamics remain poorly understood. To this end, we proposed a microstate-based method to explore the functional connectivity pattern associated with each microstate class. We capitalized on microstate features from eyes-closed resting-state EEG data to investigate whether microstate dynamics differ between subacute stroke patients (N = 31) and healthy populations (N = 23) and further examined the correlations between microstate features and behaviors. An important finding in this study was that each microstate class was associated with a distinct functional connectivity pattern, and it was highly consistent across different groups (including an independent dataset). Although the connectivity patterns were diminished in stroke patients, the skeleton of the patterns was retained to some extent. Nevertheless, stroke patients showed significant differences in most parameters of microstates A, B, and C compared to healthy controls. Notably, microstate C exhibited an opposite pattern of differences to microstates A and B. On the other hand, there were no significant differences in all microstate parameters for patients with left-sided vs. right-sided stroke, as well as patients before vs. after lower limb training. Moreover, support vector machine (SVM) models were developed using only microstate features and achieved moderate discrimination between patients and controls. Furthermore, significant negative correlations were observed between the microstate-wise functional connectivity and lower limb motor scores. Overall, these results suggest that the changes in microstate dynamics for stroke patients appear to be state-selective, compensatory, and related to brain dysfunction after stroke and subsequent functional reconfiguration. These findings offer new insights into understanding the neural mechanisms of microstates, uncovering stroke-related alterations in brain dynamics, and exploring new treatments for stroke patients.