Data_Sheet_1_Comparison of Gut Microbiota Diversity and Predicted Functions Between Healthy and Diseased Captive Rana dybowskii.docx (4.05 MB)
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Data_Sheet_1_Comparison of Gut Microbiota Diversity and Predicted Functions Between Healthy and Diseased Captive Rana dybowskii.docx

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posted on 01.09.2020, 04:07 by Qing Tong, Li-Yong Cui, Xiao-Peng Du, Zong-Fu Hu, Jia Bie, Jian-Hua Xiao, Hong-Bin Wang, Jian-Tao Zhang

The gut microbiota plays a key role in host health, and disruptions to gut bacterial homeostasis can cause disease. However, the effect of disease on gut microbiota assembly remains unclear and gut microbiota-based predictions of health status is a promising yet poorly established field. Using Illumina high-throughput sequencing technology, we compared the gut microbiota between healthy (HA and HB) and diarrhoeic (DS) Rana dybowskii groups and analyzed the functional profiles through a phylogenetic investigation of communities by reconstruction of unobserved states (PICRUSt) analysis. In addition, we estimated the correlation between gut microbiota structures and predicted the functional compositions. The results showed significant differences in the phylogenetic diversity (Pd), Shannon, and observed richness (Sobs) indices between the DS and HB groups, with significant differences observed in the gut microbiota composition between the DS group and the HA and HB groups. Linear discriminant analysis (LDA) effect size (LEfSe) results revealed that Proteobacteria were significantly enriched in the DS group; Bacteroidetes were significantly enriched in the HA and HB groups; and Aeromonas, Citrobacter, Enterococcus, Hafnia-Obesumbacterium, Morganella, Lactococcus, Providencia, Vagococcus, and Staphylococcus were significantly enriched in the DS group. Venn diagrams revealed that there were many more unique genera in the DS group than the HA and HB groups. Among 102 sensitive species selected using the indicator method, 33 indicated a healthy status and 69 (e.g., Acinetobacter, Aeromonas, Legionella, Morganella, Proteus, Providencia, Staphylococcus, and Vagococcus) indicated a diseased status. There was a significant and positive association between the composition and functional composition of the gut microbiota, thus indicating low functional redundancy of the frog gut bacterial community. Rana dybowskii disease was associated with changes in the gut microbiota, which subsequently disrupted bacterial-mediated functions. The results of this study can aid in revealing the effect of the R. dybowskii gut microbiota on host health and provide a basis for elucidating the mechanism of the occurrence of R. dybowskii disease.

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