Data_Sheet_1_COVID-19 Outcomes in Myasthenia Gravis Patients: Analysis From Electronic Health Records in the United States.PDF
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune, neuromuscular condition and patients with MG are vulnerable due to immunosuppressant use and disease manifestations of dyspnea and dysphagia during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.Methods
We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the Optum® de-identified COVID-19 Electronic Health Record (EHR) dataset. Primary outcomes, such as hospitalization, ventilator use, intensive care unit (ICU) admission, and death in COVID-19 patients with MG, were compared with those of COVID-19 patients without MG: the subgroups of non-MG included those with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus (SLE), and multiple sclerosis (MS). We further analyzed factors affecting mortality, such as age, race/ethnicity, comorbidities, and MG treatments.Results
Among 421,086 individuals with COVID-19, there were 377 patients with MG, 7,362 patients with RA, 1,323 patients with SLE, 1,518 patients with MS, and 410,506 patients without MG. Patients with MG were older and had more comorbidities compared with non-MG patients and had the highest rates of hospitalization (38.5%), ICU admission (12.7%), ventilator use (3.7%), and mortality (10.6%) compared with all other groups. After adjusting for risk factors, patients with MG had increased risks for hospitalization and ICU compared with patients with non-MG and with RA but had risks similar to patients with SLE and with MS. The adjusted risk for ventilator use was similar across all groups, but the risk for mortality in patients with MG was lower compared with the SLE and MS groups. Among patients with MG, age over 75 years and dysphagia were predictors for increased COVID-19 mortality, but the recent MG treatment was not associated with COVID-19 mortality.Conclusions
COVID-19 patients with MG are more likely to be admitted to the hospital and require ICU care. Older age and patients with dysphagia had an increased risk of mortality.