Data_Sheet_1_BALOs Improved Gut Microbiota Health in Postlarval Shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) After Being Subjected to Salinity Reduction Treatment.zip (814.08 kB)

Data_Sheet_1_BALOs Improved Gut Microbiota Health in Postlarval Shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) After Being Subjected to Salinity Reduction Treatment.zip

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posted on 30.06.2020 by Qingqing Cao, Farhana Najnine, Hongcao Han, Bing Wu, Junpeng Cai

White shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, is a widely farmed species. In China, shrimp postlarvae (PL) are frequently subjected to salinity reduction treatment to meet end growers’ needs. However, although this treatment effectively reduces vibrio counts, its impact on gut microbiota health is still unknown. In this study, we applied a euryhaline strain of BALOs, BDN-1F2 (BD), and Bacillus subtilis (SD) to the rearing of second-generation shrimp PL after salinity reduction treatment so as to determine if they could impact PL gut microbiota by using high-throughput sequencing analysis. Results show that PL gut microbiota, both compositionally and functionally, have been badly wrecked after salinity reduction treatment with the generally recognized as opportunistic pathogens Gammaproteobacteria being the only dominant class at day 1 of test, viz., 99.43, 85.61, and 83.28% in BD, SD, and control (CD) groups, respectively. At day 7, Gammaproteobacteria was still the only dominant class in the SD and CD groups with relative abundance of 99.77 and 99.87% correspondingly, whereas in the BD group, its value dropped to 8.44%. Regarding biodiversity parameter the Shannon index, over the 7-day test period, while the SD group was unchanged (0.98–0.93), the CD group dropped to 0.94 from 2.94, and the BD group was raised to 7.14 from 0.93. Functionally, compared to control, the SD group displayed similar strength of various predicted community functions, but the BD group had hugely enhanced its various capabilities (p < 0.05). These results demonstrated that the addition of BDN-1F2 had exceedingly improved PL gut microbiota health by raising its biodiversities and strengthening its functionalities. On reviewing data derived from this as well as relevant studies, a Shannon index cutoff value was tentatively suggested so as to differentiate microbiota-healthy PL7-15 from the unhealthy ones. Furthermore, a conceptual mechanism of BALOs in the rectification/improvement of the microbial community health has also been proposed.

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