Data_Sheet_1_Association of Metals and Metalloids With Urinary Albumin/Creatinine Ratio: Evidence From a Cross-Sectional Study Among Elderly in Beijin.pdf (647.01 kB)
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Data_Sheet_1_Association of Metals and Metalloids With Urinary Albumin/Creatinine Ratio: Evidence From a Cross-Sectional Study Among Elderly in Beijing.pdf

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posted on 31.03.2022, 04:29 authored by Ang Li, Jiaxin Zhao, Liu Liu, Yayuan Mei, Quan Zhou, Meiduo Zhao, Jing Xu, Xiaoyu Ge, Qun Xu
Background

Environmental exposure to toxic elements contributes to the pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Few studies focus on the association of urinary metals and metalloids concentrations with the urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR) among elderly, especially in areas and seasons with severe air pollution.

Objective

We aimed to evaluate the associations of urinary metals and metalloids concentration with UACR, which is an early and sensitive indicator of CKD.

Method

We conducted a cross-sectional study among 275 elderly people in Beijing from November to December 2016, which has experienced the most severe air pollution in China. We measured 15 urinary metals and metalloids concentration and estimated their association with UACR using a generalized linear model (GLM). Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR) and quantile g-computation (qgcomp) models were also conducted to evaluate the combined effect of metal and metalloid mixtures concentration.

Results

Of the 275 elderly people included in the analysis, we found that higher urinary Cu concentration was positively associated with UACR using GLM (β = 0.36, 95% CI: 0.25, 0.46). Using the BKMR model, we found that the change in UACR was positively associated with a change in urinary Cu concentration from its 25th to 75th percentile value with all other metals and metalloids concentration fixed at their 25th, 50th, or 75th percentile levels. Urinary Cu concentration had the most significant positive contribution (59.15%) in the qgcomp model. Our finding was largely robust in three mixture modeling approaches: GLM, qgcomp, and BKMR.

Conclusion

This finding suggests that urinary Cu concentration was strongly positively associated with UACR. Further analyses in cohort studies are required to corroborate this finding.

History

References