Data_Sheet_1_An Auto-Regulating Type II Toxin-Antitoxin System Modulates Drug Resistance and Virulence in Streptococcus suis.DOCX (2.26 MB)
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Data_Sheet_1_An Auto-Regulating Type II Toxin-Antitoxin System Modulates Drug Resistance and Virulence in Streptococcus suis.DOCX

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posted on 12.08.2021, 06:17 by Qibing Gu, Peijuan He, Dan Wang, Jiale Ma, Xiaojun Zhong, Yinchu Zhu, Yue Zhang, Qiankun Bai, Zihao Pan, Huochun Yao

Toxin-antitoxin (TA) systems are ubiquitous genetic elements that play an essential role in multidrug tolerance and virulence of bacteria. So far, little is known about the TA systems in Streptococcus suis. In this study, the Xress-MNTss TA system, composed of the MNTss toxin in the periplasmic space and its interacting Xress antitoxin, was identified in S. suis. β-galactosidase activity and electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) revealed that Xress and the Xress-MNTss complex could bind directly to the Xress-MNTss promoter as well as downregulate streptomycin adenylyltransferase ZY05719_RS04610. Interestingly, the Xress deletion mutant was less pathogenic in vivo following a challenge in mice. Transmission electron microscopy and adhesion assays pointed to a significantly thinner capsule but greater biofilm-formation capacity in ΔXress than in the wild-type strain. These results indicate that Xress-MNTss, a new type II TA system, plays an important role in antibiotic resistance and pathogenicity in S. suis.

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