Data_Sheet_1_Aerobic Glycolysis in the Retina: Functional Roles of Pyruvate Kinase Isoforms.PDF (10.25 kB)
Download file

Data_Sheet_1_Aerobic Glycolysis in the Retina: Functional Roles of Pyruvate Kinase Isoforms.PDF

Download (10.25 kB)
dataset
posted on 30.04.2020, 04:18 by Raju V. S. Rajala

One hundred years ago, Otto Heinrich Warburg observed that postmitotic retinal cells are the highest oxygen-consuming cells in the body. He compared these cells to actively growing mitotic tumor cells since both cells reprogram glucose for anabolic processes, which include lipid, protein, and RNA/DNA synthesis, and for antioxidant metabolism. To achieve this metabolic reprogramming, cancer cells preferentially express a less active dimeric form, the M2 isoform of pyruvate kinase (PKM2), which shuttles glucose toward the accumulation of glycolytic intermediates that redirect cell activities into anabolic processes. Similar to cancer cells, retinal photoreceptors predominantly express the M2 isoform of PKM2. This isoform performs both metabolic and non-metabolic functions in photoreceptor cells. This review focuses on the metabolic and non-metabolic roles of pyruvate kinases in photoreceptor cell functions.

History

References