Data_Sheet_1_Acyl-CoA Thioesterase 8 and 11 as Novel Biomarkers for Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma.docx (18.86 kB)
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Data_Sheet_1_Acyl-CoA Thioesterase 8 and 11 as Novel Biomarkers for Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma.docx

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posted on 10.12.2020, 05:29 by Chao-Liang Xu, Lei Chen, Deng Li, Fei-Teng Chen, Ming-Lei Sha, Yi Shao
Background

Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is essentially a metabolic disorder characterized by reprogramming of several metabolic pathways. Acyl-coenzyme A thioesterases (ACOTs) are critical enzymes involved in fatty acid metabolism; however, the roles of ACOTs in ccRCC remain unclear. This study explored ACOTs expressions and their diagnostic and prognostic values in ccRCC.

Methods

Three online ccRCC datasets from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) were utilized to measure the expressions of ACOTs in paired normal and tumor tissues. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were depicted to assess the diagnostic values of ACOTs in ccRCC. Quantitative real-time PCR and immunohistochemical analysis were performed to validate the ACOT11 expression in ccRCC cell lines and clinical samples. Survival curves and Cox regression analysis were used to evaluate the predictive values of ACOTs in clinical outcome of ccRCC patients. Functional enrichment analyses and correlation analysis were carried out to predict the potential roles of ACOT8 in tumorigenesis and progression of ccRCC.

Results

ACOT1/2/8/11/13 were found to be significantly downregulated in ccRCC samples. In particular, ACOT11 was decreased in almost every matched normal-tumor pair, and had extremely high diagnostic value as shown by ROC curve analysis (AUC = 0.964). The expression of ACOT11 was further verified in ccRCC cell lines and clinical samples at mRNA and protein levels. Furthermore, clinical correlation analysis and survival analysis indicated that ACOT8 was correlated with disease progression and was an independent predictor of unfavorable outcome in ccRCC. Moreover, functional analyses suggested potential roles of ACOT8 in the regulation of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS), and correlation analysis revealed an association between ACOT8 and ferroptosis-related genes in ccRCC.

Conclusion

Our study revealed that ACOT11 and ACOT8 are promising biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis of ccRCC, respectively, and ACOT8 may affect ccRCC development and progression through the regulation of OXPHOS and ferroptosis. These findings may provide new strategies for precise diagnosis and personalized therapy of ccRCC.

History

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